week 21 — 2015-02-20

week 21

Drivers of Change

Drive change survey of key global problems and promoting change in our society and the market trend.It is one of the most well-known and comprehensive publication series of its kind.

I chose the driver of convergence and focus on technical change. Artificial Intelligence is a field that has a long history but is still constantly and actively growing and changing. My topic is a climate control- Nest thermostat learns the temps you like, turns it down when you’re away, and has remote control through Wi-Fi. For such an already very intelligent product how can I make it more artificial intelligence?

I try to develop from the aspects of people’s life, the following is my idea development process:

artificial-intelligence-f      artificial-intelligence-b


The thermostat + robot

This thermostat can communicate like a human, auto adjust the heater according to the body temperature. And create image to add the atmosphere of climate.

energy-f     energy-b


In this issue, hot water is used-and at times wasted in a variety of capacities and appliances throughout the home, including sinks, showers, dishwashers, washers, hot tubs, pools, in-floor heating, and even aquariums.

cyber-crime-f      cyber-crime-b


Cyber crime is any crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target. In the beginning I tried to focus on this issue, using the face recognition system in combination with climate control.

week 20 — 2015-02-14

week 20

The article highlights the changing technology and the privatization of urban infrastructure, basic consequences.

Stephen Graham and Simon Marvin introduced the network infrastructure systems for the bigger the influence of urban environment analysis of the contemporary.

Splintering Urbanism makes an international and interdisciplinary analysis of the complex interactions between infrastructure networks and urban spaces. The resources of the city as a global physical node in circulation. This cycle is complicated by infrastructure network convenience between and within cities. In the city itself, the network infrastructure to increase the sense of cohesion, the diverse areas and residents.

A new analytical prism: urban infrastructure, the technical and the social

The authors use the city as a processor in the form of complex mechanical metaphors; Networking infrastructure of each level depends on the other to create an effective urban environment.

According to this view, network infrastructure in developing city plays an important role in the formation of the natural and social. However, like any city, this infrastructure is constantly changing, the progress of information technology has allowed the infrastructure management style complex plastic. Infrastructure system has been more and more by market forces, and quickly became the international capital of a large number of vehicles.


The onset of splintered models of urban development

The new market model to select users tend to provide infrastructure, thereby increasing the different social/race/the social alienation of economic groups.

week 19 — 2015-02-07

week 19

In the smart city, the digital technology into citizen’s better public services, better use of resources, reduce the impact on the environment. Smart City is a place of the traditional network and the service is made up of Numbers and more efficient use of communication technology, the interests of the residents and businesses.

The promise of the smart city concepts

A smart city uses digital technologies to enhance performance and wellbeing, to reduce costs and resource consumption, and also to engage more effectively and actively with its citizens.

Using smart sensors to collect data through a smart grid to create a more livable city, viable and sustainable.
There are a few potential problems for smart city:

How the perfect combination of traditional culture and modern intelligent cities?

And if the whole city had “operating system”, and when it goes wrong, what will happen?
An interesting example of a smart city project I found from the Programmable City website:

Urban Resilience in the Smart City: River Flood and Forest Fire Early Detection

Cities around the world are now focused on urban resilience, or the ability to withstand and recover from physical, social, and economic challenges that result from natural disasters, the forces of climate change, congestion, or other man-made disturbances. With the implementation of HAZUR and Libelium sensors, the territory of La Garrotxa can readily manage critical facets of its infrastructure and public services.

Urban and territorial management systems based on wireless sensor networks already maintain and prevent the disruption of essential city services, in Smart City installations across the globe.

La Garrotxa serves as a test bed for managing resilience in a community of 21 municipalities, with a model that other urban areas may readily incorporate. La Garroxta is a region in the Girona province of Catalonia, located between the Pyrenees Mountains and the Mediterranean Costa Brava.

Information from the Waspmote nodes feeds into a city management dashboard to monitor levels of the river, CO2, fire sensors, among the 40 different types of sensors deployed.

In La Garrotxa, 35 Waspmote sensor nodes power three main application configurations, measuring parameters for forest fire prevention, river flood monitoring, and ambient control, such as air quality and greenhouse gases. In each configuration the Waspmote Plug & Sense nodes are equipped with solar panels and rechargeable batteries, to ensure years of autonomy.

Forest Fire Prevention

In this configuration Waspmote Plug & Sense Smart Environment monitors four different parameters to detect and prevent forest fires, with sensor probes in trees and on rooftops measuring:

  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • CO2
  • CO


Waspmote Plug & Sense Smart Environment sensor node

(source: http://www.libelium.com/smart-city-urban-resilience-smart-environment/#!prettyPhoto)

River Monitoring / Flood Prevention

  • Waspmote Plug & Sense Smart Metering includes ultrasound sensors for liquid flow detection and distance measurement.


Detail of river monitoring sensor node placement in Olot, La Garrotxa

(source: http://www.libelium.com/smart-city-urban-resilience-smart-environment/#!prettyPhoto)

Ambient Control

  • Waspmote Plug & Sense Smart Environment includes calibrated sensor probes to measure air pollution, gases and the presence of industrial solvents.
  • CO2
  • NO2
  • Air Pollutants I (NH3, SH2, ethanol and toluene)
  • Liquid petroleum


Smart Environment sensor node can harvest energy and receive new calibrated probes

(source: http://www.libelium.com/smart-city-urban-resilience-smart-environment/#!prettyPhoto)

A city can improve its response to adverse events, and is overall better able to deliver basic functions in good times and bad, to all populations.

week 18 — 2015-02-04

week 18

Critical Design takes a critical theory based approach to design. This kind of design uses speculative design proposals to challenge assumptions, conceptions about the role of objects play in everyday life. 

Critical Design could enable designers and users to devise products and systems with radically different roles and functions. Critical Design focuses on studying the impact and possible consequences of new technologies and policies, and of worldwide social and environmental trends, as well as on outlining new goals and areas of interest for designers. I think what makes design critical is the ability it has to not only engage the viewer, but to provoke further thought and inquiry.

Here is an example of critical design.:

This video called Critical Design – Surveillance + Privacy by Philip Bridge. In this video, it is an analysis of future Surveillance + Privacy.Designing a solution that is not ‘comforting’ but still relates to the user. Makes the viewer think, and discuss the topic in hand. Could this happen? Is this the future?

Shows clear data and analyze the problem and solutions are given. This is a good analysis of the direction and methods。

I think this is a good analysis of the direction and methods.