FMP WEEK 35 — 2015-05-29

FMP WEEK 35

Every day, millions of Chinese children sit at their desk and diligently massage around their eyes in an attempt to improve their eye health and vision.

These acupressure eye exercises, based on traditional Chinese medicine ideas, have been carried out by decades of schoolchildren in China and are thought to help stave off nearsightedness, also called myopia. Rates of myopia among the country’s youth have reached epic proportions, with one 2015 study of Beijing high school students finding that 80% of the youth studied were nearsighted.

But very little high-quality research exists about whether the eye exercises really work, say vision researchers. The few studies that have tried unpack the usefulness of the practice have found no strong link between the exercises and lower rates of nearsightedness. For instance, results from the 2013 Beijing Myopia Progression Study, which studied 409 school children, showed that there was a “modest” effect of relieving temporary vision symptoms, like eyestrain and headaches, but no benefit in preventing myopia.

Chinese Students Try to Rest Eyes With Massage

Although many experts say they don’t work, physical exercises remain popular for students with tired eyes in China.

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Eye Exercises from the People’s Republic of China

References:

http://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/2015/04/21/chinese-children-rub-eyes-to-improve-vision/

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-07/18/content_15597495.htm

http://www.docspopuli.org/IWwebcat/detail.np/detail-25.html

FMP WEEK 34 — 2015-05-22

FMP WEEK 34

Research Question: 

My research question is how to design an e-book, which could help Chinese children (primary school students) to build up a right way of reading?

In China, it is hard to not notice that many young people are wearing glasses when you walked into the street. Therefore, Myopia has risen quickly in much of China. This phenomenon inspires me the following research of percentage of myopic Chinese young people nowadays. According to Ian Morgan of Australian National University, said that the high rate of nearsightedness among Chinese is occurring so early, often in primary school. It shows the age of myopic people is decreasing to the young generation. Therefore, it is worth doing the further exploring and research on how to increase young people’s awareness of eye health, especially primary school students. After doing the research of this area, I particularly focus on the bad reading habit, and consider that it is the main reason causes their myopia. On the first, my research question comes up with how to design an E-book, which could help Chinese children (primary school students) to build up a right way of reading.

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Why use an e-book?

  • E-book can be interactive and contain audio, video and animations.
  • Ebooks take up less space. You practically don’t need any space to store them. You don’t need a library or a room for them. You can store hundreds and thousands of ebooks on your computer or reading device.
  • Ebooks are portable. You can carry a whole library of hundreds of books with you.
  • Ebooks can show links, for easy access to more information and related websites.

For the children:

  • If they do not recognise a word they can click on a particular word and hear it spoken.
  • Can be a very engaging medium for the reluctant readers.
  • Can be a great medium for encouraging children to read more.

References:

http://www.nature.com/news/the-myopia-boom-1.17120

Roger W. Beuerman. (2014) Myopia: Animal Models to Clinical Trials.World Scientific.

http://edition.cnn.com/2015/04/05/asia/myopia-east-asia/

Report — 2015-05-16

Report

Report

My system is thermal thermostat (climate control).

Using thermal sensors to detect the body heat, according to subtle changes in body temperature to adjust the room temperature.  It keeps you stay at an appropriate temperature all the time.

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IMG_1350

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With the increasing living standards, more and more families began to install air conditioning and heating equipment, these devices bring the comfort of living, but also brings a highly electricity bill. Such tremendous power, not only expensive electricity bills, it is also a huge waste of energy.

Energy conservation issues that need attention. How to solve this problem? After research on currently available products, Nest does very well in energy saving. The Nest solve the problem of energy waste is by learning and recording.

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(Source:https://nest.com/thermostat/saving-energy/)

I wonder if there are other ideas that would make the system more intelligent and more energy-efficient?

In the beginning, I have been struggling in the wrong direction, but after I watched an animated film called Big Hero 6. In this film, the Medical robot gave me inspiration. This Medical robot is equipped with internal scanners and sensors able to detect and evaluate the threat posed by life forms in the immediate vicinity.

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(Big Hero 6)

Then, I started to search for the human body temperature sensing system. To understand how heat transfer can be managed through design, I have to understand how the human body produces heat in the first place and the factors that affect thermal comfort (heat balance).

Another inspiration by the Omron D6T, which is able to switch off lighting and air conditioning by sensing the body heat, and this technical support my conceptual design. So I design let the thermal sensor combination with climate control.

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The KIN DESIGN studio gave me some feedbacks, the first one is when people sharing a room, but different people have different preferences on temperature, how can I solve this issue? The second one is the issue about the temperature difference of adults and children.

After they gave me the feedback, I searched some relevant information. Human body temperature is a measure of the body’s ability to keep, generate, or get rid of heat as the need arises. The body is very adept at maintaining temperature within a narrow and safe range, despite occasional huge variations in the room temperature, but some bodies are more efficient than others. Even bodies of the same height and weight may differ dramatically in the ability to maintain body temperature. The issue about the age related factors affecting body temperature, normal body temperature for healthy infants is in the range of 36°C to 37°C. It is the same with the range of normal body temperature for adults. Talking of different gender, adult women have a slightly higher normal body temperature than adult men. It is also observed subtle fluctuations among individuals.

Through the understanding of the research about these issues, I haven’t found a way to solve them.

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(Source:http://www.stevejenkins.com/blog/2014/03/choosing-the-right-led-bulbs/)

normal human blood pressure

(Source:http://bloods-pressure-monitors.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/normal-human-blood-pressure.html)

age related factors affecting body temperature

References:

http://www.omron.com/ecb/products/sensor/11/d6t.html

https://nest.com/thermostat/saving-energy/

http://www.wmpho.org.uk/publications/item.aspx?id=47

http://www.medguidance.com/thread/Normal-Body-Temperature.html

http://www.mnn.com/health/fitness-well-being/stories/why-are-some-people-colder-than-othershttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/5711.php

http://bloods-pressure-monitors.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/normal-human-blood-pressure.html

week 31 — 2015-05-03

week 31

Report

My system is thermal thermostat. (Climate Control)

Using thermal sensors to detect the body’s heat, according to subtle changes in body temperature to adjust the room temperature.  It keeps you stay at an appropriate temperature all the time.

With the improvement of living standards, more and more families began to install air conditioning and heating equipment, these devices bring the comfort of living also brings a very high electricity bills. It is estimated that the heater equipment, such as power consumption accounted for more than 70% of household electricity consumption per month, equivalent to the lights, computers, televisions, refrigerators, washing machines and other household power consumption is about 5 times the sum of times. Such tremendous power, not only expensive electricity bills, it is a huge waste of energy.

Energy conservation issues that need attention. How to solve this problem? After research on currently available products, nest does very well in energy-saving. The Nest is an intelligent temperature controller; it combined sensor, intelligent learning, the cloud technology. The Nest Thermostat will keep learning and adjusting its schedule, keeping an eye out for temperature changes you make regularly, but ignoring one-off adjustments.

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The Nest solve the problem of energy waste is by learning and recording. I wonder if there are other ideas that would make the system more intelligent and more energy efficient?

In the beginning, I have been struggling in the wrong direction. But after I watched an animated film called Big Hero 6. In this film, the Medical robot gave me inspiration. This Medical robot is equipped with internal scanners and sensors able to detect and evaluate the threat posed by life forms in the immediate vicinity.

3242342

Then, I started to search for the human body temperature sensing system. To understand how heat transfer can be managed through design, we have to understand how the human body produces heat in the first place and the factors that affect thermal comfort (heat balance). According to the West Midlands Public Health Observatory (UK), an adequate level of wintertime warmth is 21 °C (70 °F) for a living room, and a minimum of 18 °C (64 °F) for other occupied rooms, giving 24 °C (75 °F) as a maximum comfortable room temperature for sedentary adults.

Another inspiration is the Omron D6T which is able to switch off lighting and air conditioning by sensing the body heat, and this technic support my conceptual design. So I let the thermal sensor combine with climate control.

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双人型

Reference:

http://www.omron.com/ecb/products/sensor/11/d6t.html

https://nest.com/thermostat/saving-energy/

http://www.wmpho.org.uk/publications/item.aspx?id=47