FMP WEEK 35 — 2015-05-29

FMP WEEK 35

Every day, millions of Chinese children sit at their desk and diligently massage around their eyes in an attempt to improve their eye health and vision.

These acupressure eye exercises, based on traditional Chinese medicine ideas, have been carried out by decades of schoolchildren in China and are thought to help stave off nearsightedness, also called myopia. Rates of myopia among the country’s youth have reached epic proportions, with one 2015 study of Beijing high school students finding that 80% of the youth studied were nearsighted.

But very little high-quality research exists about whether the eye exercises really work, say vision researchers. The few studies that have tried unpack the usefulness of the practice have found no strong link between the exercises and lower rates of nearsightedness. For instance, results from the 2013 Beijing Myopia Progression Study, which studied 409 school children, showed that there was a “modest” effect of relieving temporary vision symptoms, like eyestrain and headaches, but no benefit in preventing myopia.

Chinese Students Try to Rest Eyes With Massage

Although many experts say they don’t work, physical exercises remain popular for students with tired eyes in China.

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Eye Exercises from the People’s Republic of China

References:

http://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/2015/04/21/chinese-children-rub-eyes-to-improve-vision/

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-07/18/content_15597495.htm

http://www.docspopuli.org/IWwebcat/detail.np/detail-25.html

FMP WEEK 34 — 2015-05-22

FMP WEEK 34

Research Question: 

My research question is how to design an e-book, which could help Chinese children (primary school students) to build up a right way of reading?

In China, it is hard to not notice that many young people are wearing glasses when you walked into the street. Therefore, Myopia has risen quickly in much of China. This phenomenon inspires me the following research of percentage of myopic Chinese young people nowadays. According to Ian Morgan of Australian National University, said that the high rate of nearsightedness among Chinese is occurring so early, often in primary school. It shows the age of myopic people is decreasing to the young generation. Therefore, it is worth doing the further exploring and research on how to increase young people’s awareness of eye health, especially primary school students. After doing the research of this area, I particularly focus on the bad reading habit, and consider that it is the main reason causes their myopia. On the first, my research question comes up with how to design an E-book, which could help Chinese children (primary school students) to build up a right way of reading.

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Why use an e-book?

  • E-book can be interactive and contain audio, video and animations.
  • Ebooks take up less space. You practically don’t need any space to store them. You don’t need a library or a room for them. You can store hundreds and thousands of ebooks on your computer or reading device.
  • Ebooks are portable. You can carry a whole library of hundreds of books with you.
  • Ebooks can show links, for easy access to more information and related websites.

For the children:

  • If they do not recognise a word they can click on a particular word and hear it spoken.
  • Can be a very engaging medium for the reluctant readers.
  • Can be a great medium for encouraging children to read more.

References:

http://www.nature.com/news/the-myopia-boom-1.17120

Roger W. Beuerman. (2014) Myopia: Animal Models to Clinical Trials.World Scientific.

http://edition.cnn.com/2015/04/05/asia/myopia-east-asia/

Report — 2015-05-16

Report

Report

My system is thermal thermostat (climate control).

Using thermal sensors to detect the body heat, according to subtle changes in body temperature to adjust the room temperature.  It keeps you stay at an appropriate temperature all the time.

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With the increasing living standards, more and more families began to install air conditioning and heating equipment, these devices bring the comfort of living, but also brings a highly electricity bill. Such tremendous power, not only expensive electricity bills, it is also a huge waste of energy.

Energy conservation issues that need attention. How to solve this problem? After research on currently available products, Nest does very well in energy saving. The Nest solve the problem of energy waste is by learning and recording.

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(Source:https://nest.com/thermostat/saving-energy/)

I wonder if there are other ideas that would make the system more intelligent and more energy-efficient?

In the beginning, I have been struggling in the wrong direction, but after I watched an animated film called Big Hero 6. In this film, the Medical robot gave me inspiration. This Medical robot is equipped with internal scanners and sensors able to detect and evaluate the threat posed by life forms in the immediate vicinity.

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(Big Hero 6)

Then, I started to search for the human body temperature sensing system. To understand how heat transfer can be managed through design, I have to understand how the human body produces heat in the first place and the factors that affect thermal comfort (heat balance).

Another inspiration by the Omron D6T, which is able to switch off lighting and air conditioning by sensing the body heat, and this technical support my conceptual design. So I design let the thermal sensor combination with climate control.

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The KIN DESIGN studio gave me some feedbacks, the first one is when people sharing a room, but different people have different preferences on temperature, how can I solve this issue? The second one is the issue about the temperature difference of adults and children.

After they gave me the feedback, I searched some relevant information. Human body temperature is a measure of the body’s ability to keep, generate, or get rid of heat as the need arises. The body is very adept at maintaining temperature within a narrow and safe range, despite occasional huge variations in the room temperature, but some bodies are more efficient than others. Even bodies of the same height and weight may differ dramatically in the ability to maintain body temperature. The issue about the age related factors affecting body temperature, normal body temperature for healthy infants is in the range of 36°C to 37°C. It is the same with the range of normal body temperature for adults. Talking of different gender, adult women have a slightly higher normal body temperature than adult men. It is also observed subtle fluctuations among individuals.

Through the understanding of the research about these issues, I haven’t found a way to solve them.

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(Source:http://www.stevejenkins.com/blog/2014/03/choosing-the-right-led-bulbs/)

normal human blood pressure

(Source:http://bloods-pressure-monitors.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/normal-human-blood-pressure.html)

age related factors affecting body temperature

References:

http://www.omron.com/ecb/products/sensor/11/d6t.html

https://nest.com/thermostat/saving-energy/

http://www.wmpho.org.uk/publications/item.aspx?id=47

http://www.medguidance.com/thread/Normal-Body-Temperature.html

http://www.mnn.com/health/fitness-well-being/stories/why-are-some-people-colder-than-othershttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/5711.php

http://bloods-pressure-monitors.blogspot.co.uk/2014/11/normal-human-blood-pressure.html

week 31 — 2015-05-03

week 31

Report

My system is thermal thermostat. (Climate Control)

Using thermal sensors to detect the body’s heat, according to subtle changes in body temperature to adjust the room temperature.  It keeps you stay at an appropriate temperature all the time.

With the improvement of living standards, more and more families began to install air conditioning and heating equipment, these devices bring the comfort of living also brings a very high electricity bills. It is estimated that the heater equipment, such as power consumption accounted for more than 70% of household electricity consumption per month, equivalent to the lights, computers, televisions, refrigerators, washing machines and other household power consumption is about 5 times the sum of times. Such tremendous power, not only expensive electricity bills, it is a huge waste of energy.

Energy conservation issues that need attention. How to solve this problem? After research on currently available products, nest does very well in energy-saving. The Nest is an intelligent temperature controller; it combined sensor, intelligent learning, the cloud technology. The Nest Thermostat will keep learning and adjusting its schedule, keeping an eye out for temperature changes you make regularly, but ignoring one-off adjustments.

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The Nest solve the problem of energy waste is by learning and recording. I wonder if there are other ideas that would make the system more intelligent and more energy efficient?

In the beginning, I have been struggling in the wrong direction. But after I watched an animated film called Big Hero 6. In this film, the Medical robot gave me inspiration. This Medical robot is equipped with internal scanners and sensors able to detect and evaluate the threat posed by life forms in the immediate vicinity.

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Then, I started to search for the human body temperature sensing system. To understand how heat transfer can be managed through design, we have to understand how the human body produces heat in the first place and the factors that affect thermal comfort (heat balance). According to the West Midlands Public Health Observatory (UK), an adequate level of wintertime warmth is 21 °C (70 °F) for a living room, and a minimum of 18 °C (64 °F) for other occupied rooms, giving 24 °C (75 °F) as a maximum comfortable room temperature for sedentary adults.

Another inspiration is the Omron D6T which is able to switch off lighting and air conditioning by sensing the body heat, and this technic support my conceptual design. So I let the thermal sensor combine with climate control.

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双人型

Reference:

http://www.omron.com/ecb/products/sensor/11/d6t.html

https://nest.com/thermostat/saving-energy/

http://www.wmpho.org.uk/publications/item.aspx?id=47

week 30 — 2015-04-26

week 30

The Speculative Design Project Examples

Curious displays

The one of my favorite video is called Curious displays. The reason I love it is that I can understand the content without checked the text.

Traditionally, displays are fixed-size/ratio surfaces that provide an entry point to a defined experience with digital media content. This content is varied–informational, filmic, auditory, at times even spatial. However, the relationship between the user and the digital entities within the defined surface of the screen creates a sense of fragmentation between two distinct spaces. The virtual space of the screen provides a surface for media content to come alive, but is a distinct and marked separation from the physical space that the user occupies.

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The other reason I love it is that this video based on the voice and image show the story,It makes the video quite interesting.

Beyond Blood

About this video it makes me confused. After watching this video,for me this video shows too much data and information and not very intuitive product.

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week 25 — 2015-03-25

week 25

Reading 1: Speculative Everything

  • As a tool to create not only things, but ideas.
  • As a means of imagining the future.
  • Continually asking “what if” to improve to achieve the desired future.

“Things always happen in the art earlier than they do in design, like they have in conceptual art,” Boelen says. “But a work of art is not just a thing of beauty, it is also an object for discussion or debate and critical design appropriates this idea. It is not about a formal thing, but about an attitude towards everyday life, the things we do, the things we feel.”

“It is about what happens before the object,” Boelen explains, “about how the concept is arrived at. It is a new definition of design that asks questions. Critical design is also the most sustainable way, not concentrating on just producing new things, but on creating awareness of the issues surrounding them.”

Reading 2: Questioning the “critical” in Speculative & Critical Design

  • “What is this obsession with class systems?”

We are obsessed with class systems because we can’t help it. Because most SCD and practitioners in the field, we are not thinking about issues of race, class and gender privileges.

  • And because if we don’t call out your privilege — though you dismiss it as “misguided suggestions of privilege” 

This is what will happen: SCD shall not pass to stay in their own little universe, weather forecasts and fridge don’t help, look at their guesses, how shallow, and the development of more relevant and inclusive, they can.

Now, SCD imperative is nothing more than the alleged “lack of poetic dimension” in our relationship with electronic objects. The “social narratives” and “criticism” so advertised by the great majority of its practitioners seem to only apply to the aesthetic concerns of the intellectual northern european middle classes.

  • We do believe that SCD has something necessary and valid to offer to society.

We do believe that design is a powerful language, one that it is perfectly positioned to provide relevant social and cultural critique, and that envisioning near future scenarios might just help us reflect on the paths we want to take as a society.

In order to truly achieve these goals, however, SCD needs to be held accountable for its political and social positions; it urgently needs to escape its narrow northern european middle class confines; it needs to talk about social change; it needs more diversity, both in its visual representations and the practitioners in the field.

week 23 — 2015-03-08

week 23

Flaws of the Smart City

ISSUE #1 LOSS OF PRIVACY

By embedding sensors in the streets, the Smart City is under constant surveillance; monitored by public forces and private interests. Being able to track and record activities has erased the notion of anonymity promised by the urban structure. Targeting marginality through these tracking systems is allowing to get rid of, physically and digitally, a specific population in a specific area.

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System: climate control

Evil genius design: Shopping Mall climate control will be controlled according to the guest’s average body temperature is the temperature control to save energy. Obese people may feel very hot.

ISSUE #13 DECONTEXTUALIZED

From catalogs to streets, Smart Cities offer generic technologies without deeply caring about their adaptation to the local context. Technological propositions from the Smart City provide cultural codes which are not necessarily going together with the local values. If Smart Cities visions are built on something, it seems to be on a western-life culture.

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System: climate control

Evil genius design: The climate control will control the use of hot water, according to the science of the time offered a limited supply of hot water to save water.

ISSUE #14 MISSING THE HUMAN SCALE

Designing the city smarter seems to mean observing human behaviors from a bird’s-eye view, with a focus on crowd management. It’s missing the messiness of humanity, which will inevitably jam the quest for a perfect logical urban system. City making may have its own agenda; dealing with humans is all about unpredictability, wildness, irrationality or digital illiteracy.

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System: climate control

Evil genius design: Sleep time the temperature will automatically adjust to a comfortable temperature when you wake up you would raise the temperature to make it hot to wake up.

week 22 — 2015-03-01

week 22

During the class, we had a workshop with Luke from Kin Design.

In the class, we make a smart vending machine model by combined our systems.

About this vending machine model, we design lets this machine can keep the food warm and cool, and adjust the temperature you prefer. With a CCTV camera to monitor your health, and also incorporates fitness app you can get free food by exercise records. Of course, before you get food, you also need to finish you choose foods that corresponds to the steps. So let us steps for free.

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Group system model

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Combining with other four systems in our elephant group, I invention four different objects with my system, climate control.

Climate-Controlled Clothing Keeps You at the Perfect Temperature

Swelter no more in the summer heat only to shiver once you enter a store blasting its AC. The new ClimaWare line of clothing by India’s Dhama Innovations keeps you comfy no matter what the thermometer says. Designed to flip from 0 to 100 degrees Celsius at the push of a button, the clothing and accessories feature eight levels of heating and cooling to cope with unpredictable weather, extreme temperatures, and hostile environments. In addition to helping soldiers stay toasty in subzero conditions and keeping cows cool enough to produce more milk, the technology could also be applied to control bleeding in a medical emergency.

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(source: http://www.libelium.com/smart-city-urban-resilience-smart-environment/#!prettyPhoto)

The technology at play here is an adaptation of the Peltier Effect, which occurs when electricity is run through two different metals connected to each other: One metal will become cool, while the other metal will become hot. Vistakula’s nano-based technology uses that effect inside those puck-like inserts on the vest above. Thermoelectric materials that touch the skin either heat or cool your body; it’s your choice. The pucks are placed at points where sweating is low, but blood vessels are very dense — in other words, the most efficient places for regulating body temperature.

week 21 — 2015-02-20

week 21

Drivers of Change

Drive change survey of key global problems and promoting change in our society and the market trend.It is one of the most well-known and comprehensive publication series of its kind.

I chose the driver of convergence and focus on technical change. Artificial Intelligence is a field that has a long history but is still constantly and actively growing and changing. My topic is a climate control- Nest thermostat learns the temps you like, turns it down when you’re away, and has remote control through Wi-Fi. For such an already very intelligent product how can I make it more artificial intelligence?

I try to develop from the aspects of people’s life, the following is my idea development process:

artificial-intelligence-f      artificial-intelligence-b

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The thermostat + robot

This thermostat can communicate like a human, auto adjust the heater according to the body temperature. And create image to add the atmosphere of climate.

energy-f     energy-b

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In this issue, hot water is used-and at times wasted in a variety of capacities and appliances throughout the home, including sinks, showers, dishwashers, washers, hot tubs, pools, in-floor heating, and even aquariums.

cyber-crime-f      cyber-crime-b

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Cyber crime is any crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target. In the beginning I tried to focus on this issue, using the face recognition system in combination with climate control.

week 20 — 2015-02-14

week 20

The article highlights the changing technology and the privatization of urban infrastructure, basic consequences.

Stephen Graham and Simon Marvin introduced the network infrastructure systems for the bigger the influence of urban environment analysis of the contemporary.

Splintering Urbanism makes an international and interdisciplinary analysis of the complex interactions between infrastructure networks and urban spaces. The resources of the city as a global physical node in circulation. This cycle is complicated by infrastructure network convenience between and within cities. In the city itself, the network infrastructure to increase the sense of cohesion, the diverse areas and residents.

A new analytical prism: urban infrastructure, the technical and the social

The authors use the city as a processor in the form of complex mechanical metaphors; Networking infrastructure of each level depends on the other to create an effective urban environment.

According to this view, network infrastructure in developing city plays an important role in the formation of the natural and social. However, like any city, this infrastructure is constantly changing, the progress of information technology has allowed the infrastructure management style complex plastic. Infrastructure system has been more and more by market forces, and quickly became the international capital of a large number of vehicles.

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The onset of splintered models of urban development

The new market model to select users tend to provide infrastructure, thereby increasing the different social/race/the social alienation of economic groups.